The stress-strain curve for mild steel is shown in the figure given below. Choose the correct option referring to both figure and table.
A bar is subjected to fluctuating tensile load from 20 kN to 100 kN. The material has yield strength of 240 MPa and endurance limit in reversed bending is 160 MPa. According to the Soderberg principle, the area of cross-section in mm^{2} of the bar for a factor of safety of 2 is
Match the following criteria of material failure, under biaxial stresses ${\sigma}_{1}$ and ${\sigma}_{2}$ and yield stress ${\sigma}_{\mathrm{y}}$, with their corresponding graphic representations :
A forged steel link with uniform diameter of 30 mm at the centre is subjected to an axial force that varies from 40 kN in compression to 160 kN in tension. The tensile (S_{u}), yield (S_{y}) and corrected endurance (S_{e}) strengths of the steel material are 600 MPa, 420 MPa and 240 MPa respectively. The factor of safety against fatigue endurance as per Soderberg’s criterion is
The piston rod of diameter 20 mm and length 700 mm in a hydraulic cylinder is subjected to a compressive force of 10 kN due to the internal pressure. The end conditions for the rod may be assumed as guided at the piston end and hinged at the other end. The Young’s modulus is 200 GPa. The factor of safety for the piston rod is