Questions & Answers of Machine Design

Question No. 48

The principal stresses at a point inside a solid object are $\sigma_1=100\;\mathrm{MPa}$ $\sigma_2=100\;\mathrm{MPa}$ and $\sigma_3=0\;\mathrm{MPa}$. The yield strength of the material is 200 MPa. The factor of safety calculated using Tresca (maximum shear stress) theory is nT and the factor of safety calculated using von Mises (maximum distortional energy) theory is $n_V$. Which one of the following relations is TRUE?

Question No. 148

In a structural member under fatigue loading, the minimum and maximum stresses developed at the critical point are 50 MPa and 150 MPa, respectively. The endurance, yield, and the ultimate strengths of the material are 200 MPa, 300 MPa and 400 MPa, respectively. The factor of safety using modified Goodman criterion is

Question No. 222

Which of the bearings given below SHOULD NOT be subjected to a thrust load?

Question No. 248

A bolted joint has four bolts arranged as shown in figure. The cross sectional area of each bolt is 25 mm2. A torque T = 200 N-m is acting on the joint. Neglecting friction due to clamping force,maximum shear stress in a bolt is ______ MPa.

 

Question No. 29

Which one of the following is the most conservative fatigue failure criterion?

Question No. 53

A machine element is subjected to the following bi-axial state of stress: σx=80 MPa; σy=20 MPa; τxy=40 MPa.If the shear strength of the material is 100 MPa, the factor of safety as per Tresca’s maximum shear stress theory is

Question No. 56

A horizontal plate has been joined to a vertical post using four rivets arranged as shown in the figure. The magnitude of the load on the worst loaded rivet (in N) is_________.

Question No. 121

The uniaxial yield stress of a material is 300 MPa. According to Von mises criterion, the shear yield stress (in MPa) of the material is ______.

Question No. 148

A hollow shaft (do = 2di where do and di are the outer and inner diameters respectively) needs to transmit 20 kW power at 3000 RPM. If the maximum permissible shear stress is 30 MPA, do is

Question No. 240

For ball bearings, the fatigue life L measured in number of revolutions and the radial load F are related by FL1/3=K, where K is a constant. It withstands a radial load of 2 kN for a life of 540 million revolutions. The load (in kN) for a life of one million revolution is__________

Question No. 258

A cantilever bracket is bolted to a column using three M12 × 1.75 bolts, P, Q and R. The value of maximum shear stress developed in the bolt P (in MPa) is _______.

Question No. 49

A hydrodynamic journal bearing is subject to 2000 N load at a rotational speed of 2000 rpm. Both bearing bore diameter and length are 40 mm. If radial clearance is 20 μm and bearing is lubricated with an oil having viscosity 0.03 Pa.s, the Sommerfeld number of the bearing is _______

Question No. 120

In a structure subjected to fatigue loading, the minimum and maximum stresses developed in a cycle are 200 MPa and 400 MPa respectively. The value of stress amplitude (in MPa) is _______

Question No. 142

For the three bolt system shown in the figure, the bolt material has shear yield strength of 200 MPa. For a factor of safety of 2, the minimum metric specification required for the bolt is

Question No. 145

A disc clutch with a single friction surface has coefficient of friction equal to 0.3. The maximum pressure which can be imposed on the friction material is 1.5 MPa. The outer diameter of the clutch plate is 200 mm and its internal diameter is 100 mm. Assuming uniform wear theory for the clutch plate, the maximum torque (in N.m) that can be transmitted is _______

Question No. 216

A rotating steel shaft is supported at the ends. It is subjected to a point load at the center. The maximum bending stress developed is 100 MPa. If the yield, ultimate and corrected endurance strength of the shaft material are 300 MPa, 500 MPa and 200 MPa, respectively, then the factor of safety for the shaft is _______

Question No. 220

Which one of following is NOT correct?

Question No. 240

A drum brake is shown in the figure. The drum is rotating in anticlockwise direction. The coefficient of friction between drum and shoe is 0.2. The dimensions shown in the figure are in mm. The braking torque (in N.m) for the brake shoe is _______

Question No. 247

A four-wheel vehicle of mass 1000 kg moves uniformly in a straight line with the wheels revolving at 10 rad/s. The wheels are identical, each with a radius of 0.2 m. Then a constant braking torque is applied to all the wheels and the vehicle experiences a uniform deceleration. For the vehicle to stop in 10 s, the braking torque (in N.m) on each wheel is _______

Question No. 321

Ball bearings are rated by a manufacturer for a life of 106 revolutions. The catalogue rating of a particular bearing is 16 kN. If the design load is 2 kN, the life of the bearing will be p× 106 revolutions, where p is equal to ______

Question No. 340

A shaft is subjected to pure torsional moment. The maximum shear stress developed in the shaft is 100 MPa. The yield and ultimate strengths of the shaft material in tension are 300 MPa and 450 MPa, respectively. The factor of safety using maximum distortion energy (von-Mises) theory is _______

Question No. 345

A bolt of major diameter 12 mm is required to clamp two steel plates. Cross sectional area of the threaded portion of the bolt is 84.3 mm2. The length of the threaded portion in grip is 30 mm, while the length of the unthreaded portion in grip is 8 mm. Young's modulus of material is 200 GPa. The effective stiffness (in MN/m) of the bolt in the clamped zone is _______

Question No. 40

A bar is subjected to fluctuating tensile load from 20 kN to 100 kN. The material has yield strength of 240 MPa and endurance limit in reversed bending is 160 MPa. According to the Soderberg principle, the area of cross-section in mm2 of the bar for a factor of safety of 2 is

Question No. 48

A single riveted lap joint of two similar plates as shown in the figure below has the following geometrical and material details.

width of the plate w = 200 mm, thickness of the plate t = 5 mm, number of rivets n = 3, diameter of the rivet dr = 10 mm, diameter of the rivet hole dh = 11 mm, allowable tensile stress of the plate σp = 200 MPa, allowable shear stress of the rivet σs = 100 MPa and allowable bearing stress of the rivet σc = 150 MPa.

If the rivets are to be designed to avoid crushing failure, the maximum permissible load P in kN is

Question No. 49

A single riveted lap joint of two similar plates as shown in the figure below has the following geometrical and material details.

width of the plate w = 200 mm, thickness of the plate t = 5 mm, number of rivets n = 3, diameter of the rivet dr = 10 mm, diameter of the rivet hole dh = 11 mm, allowable tensile stress of the plate σp = 200 MPa, allowable shear stress of the rivet σs = 100 MPa and allowable bearing stress of the rivet σc = 150 MPa.

If the plates are to be designed to avoid tearing failure, the maximum permissible load P in kN is

Question No. 32

A fillet welded joint is subjected to transverse loading F as shown in the figure. Both legs of the fillets are of 10 mm size and the weld length is 30 mm. If the allowable shear stress of the weld is 94 MPa, considering the minimum throat area of the weld, the maximum allowable transverse load in kN is


Question No. 43

A solid circular shaft needs to be designed to transmit a torque of 50 N.m. If the allowable shear stress of the material is 140 MPa, assuming a factor of safety of 2, the minimum allowable design diameter in mm is

Question No. 17

Match the following criteria of material failure, under biaxial stresses σ1 and σ2 and yield stress σy, with their corresponding graphic representations :

Question No. 30

Two identical ball bearings P and Q are operating at loads 30 kN and 45 kN respectively. The ratio of the life of bearing P to the life of bearing Q is

Question No. 31

A band brake having band-width of 80mm, drum diameter of 250mm, coefficient of friction of 0.25 and angle of wrap of 270 degrees is required to exert a friction torque of 1000N-m. The maximum tension (in kN) developed in the band is

Question No. 32

A bracket (shown in figure) is rigidly mounted on wall using four rivets. Each rivet is 6mm in diameter and has an effective length of 12mm.

Direct shear stress (in MPa) in the most heavily loaded rivet is

Question No. 14

A solid circular shaft of diameter d is subjected to a combined bending moment M and torque, T. The material property to be used for designing the shaft using the relation 16πd3M2+T2 is

Question No. 37

A forged steel link with uniform diameter of 30 mm at the centre is subjected to an axial force that varies from 40 kN in compression to 160 kN in tension. The tensile (Su), yield (Sy) and corrected endurance (Se) strengths of the steel material are 600 MPa, 420 MPa and 240 MPa respectively. The factor of safety against fatigue endurance as per Soderberg’s criterion is

Question No. 59

A 20º full depth involute spur pinion of 4mm module and 21 teeth is to transmit 15 kW at 960 rpm. Its face width is 25 mm.

The tangential force transmitted (in N) is

Question No. 60

A 20º full depth involute spur pinion of 4mm module and 21 teeth is to transmit 15 kW at 960 rpm. Its face width is 25 mm.

Given that the tooth geometry factor is 0.32 and the combined effect of dynamic load and allied in factors intensifying the stress is 1.5; the minimum allowable stress (in MPa) for the gear material is

Question No. 12

An axial residual compressive stress due to a manufacturing process is present on the outer surface of a rotating shaft subjected to bending. Under a given bending load, the fatigue life of the shaft in the presence of the residual compressive stress is

Question No. 41

A clutch has outer and inner diameters 100mm and 40 mm respectively. Assuming a uniform pressure of 2 MPa and coefficient of friction of liner material 0.4, the torque carrying capacity of the clutch is

Question No. 42

A spur gear has a module of 3 mm, number of teeth 16, a face width of 36 mm and a pressure angle of 20°. It is transmitting a power of 3 kW at 20 rev/s. Taking a velocity factor of 1.5, and a form factor of 0.3, the stress in the gear tooth is about

Question No. 78

A steel bar of 10 × 50 mm is cantilevered with two M 12 bolts (P and Q) to support a static load of 4 kN as shown in the figure

The primary and secondary shear loads on bolt P, respectively, are

Question No. 79

A steel bar of 10 × 50 mm is cantilevered with two M 12 bolts (P and Q) to support a static load of 4 kN as shown in the figure

The resultant shear stress on bolt P is closest to

Question No. 46

A thin spherical pressure vessel of 200 mm diameter and 1 mm thickness is subjected to an internal pressure varying from 4 to 8 MPa. Assume that the yield, ultimate, and endurance strength of material are 600, 800 and 400 MPa respectively. The factor of safety as per Goodman’s relation is

Question No. 47

A natural feed journal bearing of diameter 50 mm and length 50 mm operating at 20 revolution/second carries a load of 2.0 k N. The lubricant used has a viscosity of 20 mPa s. The radial clearance is 50 μm. The Sommerfeld number for the bearing is

Question No. 48

A bolted joint is shown below. The maximum shear stress, in MPa, in the bolts at A and B, respectively are

Question No. 49

A block-brake shown below has a face width of 300 mm and a mean co-efficient of friction of 0.25.  For an activating force of 400 N, the braking torque in Nm is

Question No. 54

The piston rod of diameter 20 mm and length 700 mm in a hydraulic cylinder is subjected to a compressive force of 10 kN due to the internal pressure. The end conditions for the rod may be assumed as guided at the piston end and hinged at the other end. The Young’s modulus is 200 GPa. The factor of safety for the piston rod is