GATE Questions & Answers of DC to DC Conversion: Buck, Boost and Buck-Boost Converters

What is the Weightage of DC to DC Conversion: Buck, Boost and Buck-Boost Converters in GATE Exam?

Total 12 Questions have been asked from DC to DC Conversion: Buck, Boost and Buck-Boost Converters topic of Power Electronics subject in previous GATE papers. Average marks 1.75.

The figure shows two buck converters connected in parallel. The common input dc voltage for the converters has a value of 100 V. The converters have inductors of identical value. The load resistance is 1 $ \Omega $. The capacitor voltage has negligible ripple. Both converters operate in the continuous conduction mode. The switching frequency is 1 kHz, and the switch control signals are as shown. The circuit operates in the steady state. Assuming that the converters share the load equally, the average value of $ {\mathrm i}_{\mathrm S1} $, the current of switch S1 (in Ampere), is _____ (up to 2 decimal places).


A dc to dc converter shown in the figure is charging a battery bank, B2 whose voltage is constant at 150 V. B1 is another battery bank whose voltage is constant at 50 V. The value of the inductor, L is 5 mH and the ideal switch, S is operated with a switching frequency of 5 kHz with a duty ratio of 0.4. Once the circuit has attained steady state and assuming the diode D to be ideal, the power transferred from B1 to B2 (in Watt) is ___________ (up to 2 decimal places).

The input voltage VDC of the buck-boost converter shown below varies from 32 V to 72 V. Assume that all components are ideal, inductor current is continuous, and output voltage is ripple free. The range of duty ratio D of the converter for which the magnitude of the study-state output voltage remains constant at 48 V is


In the circuit shown all elements are ideal and the switch S is operated at 10 kHz and 60% duty ratio. The capacitor is large enough so that the ripple across it is negligible and at study state acquires a voltage as shown. The peak current in amperes drawn from the 50 V DC source is ______. (Give the answer up to one decimal place.)


A buck converter, as shown in Figure (a) below, is working in steady state. The output voltage and the inductor current can be assumed to be ripple free. Figure (b) shows the inductor voltage vL during a complete switching interval. Assuming all devices are ideal, the duty cycle of the buck converter is ________.


A buck-boost DC-DC converter, shown in the figure below, is used to convert 24 V battery voltage to 36 V DC voltage to feed a load of 72 W. It is operated at 20 kHz with an inductor of 2 mH and output capacitor of 1000 μF. All devices are considered to be ideal. The peak voltage across the solid-state switch (S), in volt, is ____________.


A DC-DC boost converter, as shown in the figure below, is used to boost 360V to 400 V, at a power of 4 kW. All devices are ideal. Considering continuous inductor current, the rms current in the solid state switch (S), in ampere, is _________.


In the following chopper, the duty ratio of switch S is 0.4. If the inductor and capacitor are sufficiently large to ensure continuous inductor current and ripple free capacitor voltage, the charging current (in Ampere) of the 5 V battery, under steady-state, is ________.

The circuit shown is meant to supply a resistive load RL from two separate DC voltage sources. The switches S1 and S2 are controlled so that only one of them is ON at any instant. S1 is turned on for 0.2 ms and S2 is turned on for 0.3 ms in a 0.5 ms switching cycle time period. Assuming continuous conduction of the inductor current and negligible ripple on the capacitor voltage, the output voltage V0(in Volt) across RL is ________.

A self commutating switch SW, operated at duty cycle δ  is used to control the load voltage as shown in the figure.

Under steady state operating conditions, the average voltage across the inductor and the capacitor respectively, are

A buck converter feeding a variable resistive load is shown in the figure. The switching frequency of the switch S is 100 kHz and the duty ratio is 0.6. The output voltage V0 is 36 V. Assume that all the components are ideal, and that the output voltage is ripple-free. The value of R (in Ohm) that will make the inductor current (iL) just continuous is _________.

For the switching converter shown in the following figure, assume steady-state operation. Also assume that the components are ideal, the inductor current is always positive and continuous and switching period is Ts. If the voltage VL is as shown, the duty cycle of the switch S is _______.