Questions & Answers of Power Electronics and Drives

A buck converter, as shown in Figure (a) below, is working in steady state. The output voltage and the inductor current can be assumed to be ripple free. Figure (b) shows the inductor voltage VL during a complete switching interval. Assuming all devices are ideal, the duty cycle of the buck converter is ________.

A steady dc current of 100 A is flowing through a power module (S, D) as shown in Figure (a). The V-I characteristics of the IGBT (S) and the diode (D) are shown in Figures (b) and (c), respectively. The conduction power loss in the power module (S, D), in watts, is ________.

A single-phase thyristor-bridge rectifier is fed from a 230 V, 50 Hz, single-phase AC mains. If it is delivering a constant DC current of 10 A, at firing angle of 30o, then value of the power factor at AC mains is

The switches T1 and T2 in Figure (a) are switched in a complementary fashion with sinusoidal pulse width modulation technique. The modulating voltage vmt=0.8 sin 200πt V and the triangular carrier voltage vc are as shown in Figure (b). The carrier frequency is 5 kHz. The peak value of the 100 Hz component of the load current (iL), in ampere, is ________ .

The voltage vs across and the current is through a semiconductor switch during a turn-ON transition are shown in figure. The energy dissipated during the turn-ON transition, in mJ, is _______.

A single-phase full-bridge voltage source inverter (VSI) is fed from a 300 V battery. A pulse of 120o duration is used to trigger the appropriate devices in each half-cycle. The rms value of the fundamental component of the output voltage, in volts, is

A three-phase diode bridge rectifier is feeding a constant DC current of 100 A to a highly inductive load. If three-phase, 415 V, 50 Hz AC source is supplying to this bridge rectifier then the rms value of the current in each diode, in ampere, is _____________.

A buck-boost DC-DC converter, shown in the figure below, is used to convert 24 V battery voltage to 36 V DC voltage to feed a load of 72 W. It is operated at 20 kHz with an inductor of 2 mH and output capacitor of 1000 μF. All devices are considered to be ideal. The peak voltage across the solid-state switch (S), in volt, is ____________.


A full-bridge converter supplying an RLE load is shown in figure. The firing angle of the bridge converter is 120º. The supply voltage   vmt=200π sin 100πt V, R=20 Ω, E=800 V. The inductor L is large enough to make the output current IL a smooth dc current. Switches are lossless. The real power fed back to the source, in kW, is __________.


A three-phase Voltage Source Inverter (VSI) as shown in the figure is feeding a delta connected resistive load of 30 Ω/phase. If it is fed from a 600 V battery, with 180o conduction of solid-state devices, the power consumed by the load, in kW, is __________.


A DC-DC boost converter, as shown in the figure below, is used to boost 360V to 400 V, at a power of 4 kW. All devices are ideal. Considering continuous inductor current, the rms current in the solid state switch (S), in ampere, is _________.


A single-phase bi-directional voltage source converter (VSC) is shown in the figure below. All devices are ideal. It is used to charge a battery at 400 V with power of 5 kW from a source Vs = 220 V (rms), 50 Hz sinusoidal AC mains at unity p.f. If its AC side interfacing inductor is 5 mH and the switches are operated at 20 kHz, then the phase shift (δ) between AC mains voltage (Vs) and fundamental AC rms VSC voltage (VC1), in degree, is _________.

In the following chopper, the duty ratio of switch S is 0.4. If the inductor and capacitor are sufficiently large to ensure continuous inductor current and ripple free capacitor voltage, the charging current (in Ampere) of the 5 V battery, under steady-state, is ________.

Consider a HVDC link which uses thyristor based line-commutated converters as shown in the figure. For a power flow of 750 MW from System 1 to System 2, the voltages at the two ends, and the current, are given by: V1 =500 kV, V2 =485 kV and I=1.5 kA. If the direction of power flow is to be reversed (that is, from System 2 to System 1) without changing the electrical connections, then which one of the following combinations id feasible?

The circuit shown is meant to supply a resistive load RL from two separate DC voltage sources. The switches S1 and S2 are controlled so that only one of them is ON at any instant. S1 is turned on for 0.2 ms and S2 is turned on for 0.3 ms in a 0.5 ms switching cycle time period. Assuming continuous conduction of the inductor current and negligible ripple on the capacitor voltage, the output voltage V0(in Volt) across RL is ________.

A self commutating switch SW, operated at duty cycle δ  is used to control the load voltage as shown in the figure.

Under steady state operating conditions, the average voltage across the inductor and the capacitor respectively, are