Questions & Answers of DC Machines

Question No. 34

A 4-pole, lap-connected, separately excited dc motor is drawing a steady current of 40 A while running at 600 rpm. A good approximation for the waveshape of the current in an armature conductor of the motor is given by

Question No. 57

A DC shunt generator delivers 45 A at a terminal voltage of 220 V. The armature and the shunt field resistances are 0.01 Ω and 44 Ω respectively. The stray losses are 375 W. The percentage efficiency of the DC generator is ____________.

Question No. 31

A separately excited DC generator has an armature resistance of 0.1Ω and negligible armature inductance. At rated field current and rated rotor speed, its open-circuit voltage is 200 V. When this generator is operated at half the rated speed, with half the rated field current, an un-charged 1000 µF capacitor is suddenly connected across the armature terminals. Assume that the speed remains unchanged during the transient. At what time (in microsecond) after the capacitor is connected will the voltage across it reach 25 V?

Question No. 58

A separately excited DC motor runs at 1000 rpm on no load when its armature terminals are connected to a 200V DC source and the rated voltage is applied to the field winding. The armature resistance of this motor is 1Ω. The no-load armature current is negligible. With the motor developing its full load torque, the armature voltage is set so that the rotor speed is 500 rpm. When the load torque is reduced to 50% of the full load value under the same armature voltage conditions, the speed rises to 520 rpm. Neglecting the rotational losses, the full load armature current (in Ampere) is _______.

Question No. 59

  1. A DC motor has the following specifications: 10 hp, 37.5 A, 230V; flux/pole = 0.01 Wb,number of poles = 4, number of conductors = 666, number of parallel paths = 2. Armature resistance = 0.267Ω. The armature reaction is negligible and rotational losses are 600W. The motor operates from a 230V DC supply. If the motor runs at 1000 rpm, the output torque produced in (in Nm) is __________.

Question No. 133

A 4-pole, separately excited, wave wound DC machine with negligible armature resistance is rated for 230 V and 5 kW at a speed of 1200 rpm. If the same armature coils are reconnected to forms a lap winding, what is the rated voltage (in volts) and power (in kW) respectively at 1200 rpm of the reconnected machine if the field circuit is left unchanged?

Question No. 47

A 15 kW, 230 V dc shunt motor has armature circuit resistance of 0.4 Ω and field circuit resistance of 230 Ω. At no load and rated voltage, the motor runs at 1400 rpm and the line current drawn by the motor is 5 A. At full load, the motor draws a line current of 70 A. Neglect armature reaction. The full load speed of the motor in rpm is _________.

Question No. 146

A 250 V dc shunt machine has armature circuit resistance of 0.6 Ω and field circuit resistance of 125 Ω. The machine is connected to 250 V supply mains. The motor is operated as a generator and then as a motor separately. The line current of the machine in both the cases is 50 A. The ratio of the speed as a generator to the speed as a motor is ____________.

Question No. 149

For a single phase, two winding transformer, the supply frequency and voltage are both increased by 10%. The percentage changes in the hysteresis loss and eddy current loss, respectively, are

Question No. 223

The no-load speed of a 230 V separately excited dc motor is 1400 rpm. The armature resistance drop and the brush drop are neglected. The field current is kept constant at rated value. The torque of the motor in Nm for an armature current of 8 A is ____________.

Question No. 248

A separately excited 300 V DC shunt motor under no load runs at 900 rpm drawing an armature current of 2 A. The armature resistance is 0.5 Ω and leakage inductance is 0.01 H. When loaded, the armature current is 15 A. Then the speed in rpm is _____

Question No. 36

A 220 V, 15 kW, 1000 rpm shunt motor with armature resistance of 0.25Ω; has a rated line current of 68 A and a rated field current of 2.2 A. The change in field flux required to obtain a speed of 1600 rpm while drawing a line current of 52.8 A and a field current of 1.8 A is

Question No. 5

A 4 point starter is used to start and control the speed of a

Question No. 31

A 220 V, DC shunt motor is operating at a speed of 1440 rpm. The armature resistance is 1.0 Ω and armature current is 10 A. If the excitation of the machine is reduced by 10%, the extra resistance to be put in the armature circuit to maintain the same speed and torque will be

Question No. 48

A separately excited DC motor runs at 1500 rpm under no-load with 200 V applied to the armature. The field voltage is maintained at its rated value. The speed of the motor, when it delivers a torque of 5 Nm, is 1400 rpm as shown in the figure. The rotational losses and armature reaction are neglected.

The armature resistance of the motor is.

Question No. 49

A separately excited DC motor runs at 1500 rpm under no-load with 200 V applied to the armature. The field voltage is maintained at its rated value. The speed of the motor, when it delivers a torque of 5 Nm, is 1400 rpm as shown in the figure. The rotational losses and armature reaction are neglected.

For the motor to deliver a torque of 2.5 Nm at 1400 rpm the armature voltage to be applied is

Question No. 50

Figure shows the extended view of a 2 pole dc machine with 10 armature conductors. Normal brush positions are shown by A and B, placed at the interpolar axis. If the brushes are now shifted, in the direction of rotation, to A' and B' as shown, the voltage waveform VA'B' will resemble

Question No. 82

A 240 V, dc shunt motor draws 15 A while supplying the rated load at a speed of 80 rad/s. The armature resistance is 0.5 Ω and the field winding resistance is 80 Ω.

The net voltage across the armature resistance at the time of plugging will be

Question No. 83

A 240 V, dc shunt motor draws 15 A while supplying the rated load at a speed of 80 rad/s. The armature resistance is 0.5 Ω and the field winding resistance is 80 Ω.

The external resistance to be added in the armature circuit to limit the armature current to 125% of its rated value is

Question No. 16

The dc motor, which can provide zero speed regulation at full load without any controller is