Questions & Answers of Digital circuits

Question No. 27

The output of the combinational circuit given below is


Question No. 52

Identify the circuit below.


Question No. 53

The functionality implemented by the circuit below is


Question No. 54

In an 8085 system, a PUSH operation requires more clock cycles than a POP operation. Which one of the following options is the correct reason for this?

Question No. 126

Transistor geometries in a CMOS inverter have been adjusted to meet the requirement for worst case charge and discharge times for driving a load capacitor C. This design is to be converted to that of a NOR circuit in the same technology, so that its worst case charge and discharge times while driving the same capacitor are similar. The channel lengths of all transistors are to be kept unchanged. Which one of the following statements is correct?


Question No. 127

Assume that all the digital gates in the circuit shown in the figure are ideal, the resistor R=10 kΩ and the supply voltage is 5 V. The D flip-flops D1, D2, D3, D4 and D5 are initialized with logic values 0,1,0,1 and 0, respectively. The clock has a 30% duty cycle.

The average power dissipated (in mW) in the resistor R is ________

Question No. 128

A 4:1 multiplexer is to be used for generating the output carry of a full adder. A and B are the bits to be added while Cin is the input carry and Cout is the output carry. A and B are to be used as the select bits with A being the more significant select bit.
Which one of the following statements correctly describes the choice of signals to be connected to the inputs I0, I1, I2 and I3 so that the output is Cout?

Question No. 152

An 8 Kbyte ROM with an active low Chip Select input CS is to be used in an 8085 microprocessor based system. The ROM should occupy the address range 1000H to 2FFFH. The address lines are designated as A15 to A0, where A15 is the most significant address bit. Which one of the following logic expressions will generate the correct CS signal for this ROM?

Question No. 153

In an N bit flash ADC, the analog voltage is fed simultaneously to 2N−1 comparators. The output of the comparators is then encoded to a binary format using digital circuits. Assume that the analog voltage source Vin (whose output is being converted to digital format) has a source resistance of 75 Ω as shown in the circuit diagram below and the input capacitance of each comparator is 8 pF. The input must settle to an accuracy of 1/2 LSB even for a full scale input change for proper conversion. Assume that the time taken by the thermometer to binary encoder is negligible.
If the flash ADC has 8 bit resolution, which one of the following alternatives is closest to the maximum sampling rate ?

Question No. 154

The state transition diagram for a finite state machine with states A, B and C, and binary inputs X,Y and Z, is shown in the figure.

Which one of the following statements is correct?

Question No. 226

In an 8085 microprocessor, the contents of the accumulator and the carry flag are A7 (in hex) and 0, respectively. If the instruction RLC is executed, then the contents of the accumulator (in hex) and the carry flag, respectively, will be

Question No. 227

The logic functionality realized by the circuit shown below is


Question No. 228

The minimum number of 2-input NAND gates required to implement a 2-input XOR gate is

Question No. 253

Following is the K-map of a Boolean function of five variables P, Q, R, S and X. The minimum sum-of-product (SOP) expression for the function is


Question No. 254

For the circuit shown in the figure, the delays of NOR gates, multiplexers and inverters are 2 ns,1.5 ns and 1 ns, respectively. If all the inputs P, Q, R, S and T are applied at the same time instant, the maximum propagation delay (in ns) of the circuit is __________


Question No. 255

For the circuit shown in the figure, the delay of the bubbled NAND gate is 2 ns and that of the counter is assumed to be zero.

If the clock (Clk) frequency is 1 GHz, then the counter behaves as a

Question No. 24

In an 8085 microprocessor, the shift registers which store the result of an addition and the overflow bit are, respectively.

Question No. 25

A 16kb (=16,384 bit) memory array is designed as a square with an aspect ratio of one (number of rows is equal to number of columns). The minimum number of address lines needed for the row decoder is ______.

Question No. 26

Consider a four bit D to A converter. The analog value corresponding to digital signals of values 0000 and 0001 are 0 V and 0.0625 V respectively. The analog value (in Volts) corresponding to the digital signal 1111 is ________.

Question No. 46

The Boolean expression FX,Y,Z=X¯YZ¯+XY¯Z¯+XYZ¯+XYZ. converted into the canonical product of sum (POS) form is

Question No. 48

A 3-input majority gate is defined by the logic function M(a,b,c) = ab+bc+ca. Which one of the following gates is represented by the function MMa,b,c,Ma,b,c,c?

Question No. 124

In the figure shown, the output Y is required to be Y=AB+CD . The gates G1 and G2 must be, respectively,

Question No. 125

In an 8085 microprocessor, which one of the following instructions changes the content of the accumulator?

Question No. 126

A mod-n counter using a synchronous binary up-counter with synchronous clear input is shown in the figure. The value of n is ______.

Question No. 146

A function of Boolean variables X, Y and Z is expressed in terms of the min-terms as

F(X,Y,Z) = (1, 2, 5, 6, 7)

Which one of the product of sums given below is equal to the function F(X, Y, Z)?

Question No. 147

The figure shows a binary counter with synchronous clear input. With the decoding logic shown, the counter works as a

Question No. 148

A 1-to-8 demultiplexer with data input Din, address inputs S0, S1, S2 (with S0 as the LSB) and Y0 to Y7 as the eight demultiplexed outputs, is to be designed using two 2-to-4 decoders (with enable input E and address inputs A0 and A1) as shown in the figure. Din, S0, S1 and S2 are to be connected to P,Q,R and S , but not necessarily in this order. The respective input connections to P,Q,R and S terminals should be

Question No. 224

The circuit shown consists of J-K flip-flops, each with an active low asynchronous reset ( Rd input). The counter corresponding to this circuit is

Question No. 226

Which one of the following 8085 microprocessor programs correctly calculates the product of two 8-bit numbers stored in registers B and C?

Question No. 246

A three bit pseudo random number generator is shown. Initially the value of output Y = Y2Y1Y0 is set to 111. The value of output Y after three clock cycles is

Question No. 247

A universal logic gate can implement any Boolean function by connecting sufficient number of them appropriately. Three gates are shown.

Which one of the following statements is TRUE?

Question No. 248

An SR latch is implemented using TTL gates as shown in the figure. The set and reset pulse inputs are provided using the push-button switches. It is observed that the circuit fails to work as desired. The SR latch can be made functional by changing

Question No. 25

The Boolean expression X+YX+Y+XY¯+X¯¯ simplifies to

Question No. 26

 Five JK flip-flops are cascaded to form the circuit shown in Figure. Clock pulses at a frequency of 1 MHz are applied as shown. The frequency (in kHz) of the waveform at Q3 is __________ .

Question No. 50

The output F in the digital logic circuit shown in the figure is

Question No. 51

Consider the Boolean function, F=w,x,y,z=wy+xy+w¯xyz+w¯ x¯y+xz+x¯y¯z¯   Which one of the following is the complete set of essential prime implicants?

Question No. 52

The digital logic shown in the figure satisfies the given state diagram when Q1 is connected to input A of the XOR gate.

Suppose the XOR gate is replaced by an XNOR gate. Which one of the following options preserves the state diagram?

Question No. 124

For an n-variable Boolean function, the maximum number of prime implicants is

Question No. 125

The number of bytes required to represent the decimal number 1856357 in packed BCD (Binary Coded Decimal) form is __________ .

Question No. 126

In a half-subtractor circuit with X and Y as inputs, the Borrow (M) and Difference (N = X - Y) are given by

Question No. 150

In the circuit shown, choose the correct timing diagram of the output (y) from the given waveforms W1, W2, W3 and W4.

Question No. 151

The outputs of the two flip-flops Q1, Q2 in the figure shown are initialized to 0, 0. The sequence generated at Q1 upon application of clock signal is

Question No. 152

For the 8085 microprocessor, the interfacing circuit to input 8-bit digital data (DI0 – DI7) from an external device is shown in the figure. The instruction for correct data transfer is

Question No. 225

The circuit shown in the figure is a

Question No. 226

Consider the multiplexer based logic circuit shown in the figure.

Which one of the following Boolean functions is realized by the circuit?

Question No. 250

If WL is the Word Line and BL the Bit Line, an SRAM cell is shown in

Question No. 251

In the circuit shown, W and Y are MSBs of the control inputs. The output F is given by

Question No. 252

If X and Y are inputs and the Difference (D = X – Y) and the Borrow (B) are the outputs, which one of the following diagrams implements a half-subtractor?

Question No. 325

In the circuit shown in the figure, if C=0, the expression for Y is

Question No. 326

The output (Y) of the circuit shown in the figure is

Question No. 350

An 8-to-1 multiplexer is used to implement a logical function Y as shown in the figure. The output Y is given by

Question No. 351

A 16-bit ripple carry adder is realized using 16 identical full adders (FA) as shown in the figure. The carry-propagation delay of each FA is 12 ns and the sum-propagation delay of each FA is 15 ns. The worst case delay (in ns) of this 16-bit adder will be __________.

Question No. 352

An 8085 microprocessor executes “STA 1234H” with starting address location 1FFEH (STA copies the contents of the Accumulator to the 16-bit address location). While the instruction is fetched and executed, the sequence of values written at the address pins A15−A8 is

Question No. 1

A bulb in a staircase has two switches, one switch being at the ground floor and the other one at the first floor. The bulb can be turned ON and also can be turned OFF by any one of the switches irrespective of the state of the other switch. The logic of switching of the bulb resembles

Question No. 12

For 8085 microprocessor, the following program is executed.
          MVI A, 05H;
          MVI B, 05H;
          DCR B;
          JNZ PTR;
          ADI 03H;

At the end of program, accumulator contains

Question No. 42

In the circuit shown below, Q1 has negligible collector-to-emitter saturation voltage and the diode drops negligible voltage across it under forward bias. If Vcc is +5 V, X and Y are digital signals with 0 V as logic 0 and Vcc as logic 1, then the Boolean expression for Z is

Question No. 45

There are four chips each of 1024 bytes connected to a 16 bit address bus as shown in the figure below. RAMs 1, 2, 3 and 4 respectively are mapped to addresses

Question No. 6

Consider the given circuit.

In this circuit, the race around

Question No. 7

The output Y of a 2-bit comparator is logic 1 whenever the 2-bit input A is greater than the 2-bit input B. The number of combinations for which the output is logic 1, is

Question No. 14

In the circuit shown

Question No. 19

In the sum of products function f(X,Y,Z)=2,3,4,5,the prime implicants are

Question No. 6

When the output Y in the circuit below is "1", it implies that data has

Question No. 7

The logic function implemented by the circuit below is (ground implies a logic "0")

Question No. 19

The output Y in the circuit below is always "1" when

Question No. 30

An 8085 assembly language program is given below. Assume that the carry flag is initially unset. The content of the accumulator after the execution of the program is

MVI A, 07H

Question No. 40

The output of a 3-stage Johnson (twisted ring) counter is fed to a digital-to-analog (D/A) converter as shown in the figure below. Assume all the states of the counter to be unset initially. The waveform which represents the D/A converter output Vo is

Question No. 41

Two D flip-flops are connected as a synchronous counter that goes through the following QBQA sequence 0011011000...

The combination to the inputs DA and DB are

Question No. 11

Match the logic gates in Column A with their equivalents in Column B.

Question No. 12

For the output F to be 1 in the logic circuit shown, the input combination should be

Question No. 13

In the circuit shown, the device connected to Y5 can have address in the range

Question No. 37

Assuming that flip-flops are in reset condition initially, the count sequence observed at QA in the circuit shown is

Question No. 39

The Boolean function realized by the logic circuit shown is

Question No. 40

For the 8085 assembly language program given below, the content of the accumulator after the execution of the program is

3000 MVI A, 45H
3002 MOV B, A
3003 STC    
3004 CMC    
3005 RAR    
3006 XRA B