# GATE Questions & Answers of Information theory: entropy, mutual information and channel capacity theorem

## What is the Weightage of Information theory: entropy, mutual information and channel capacity theorem in GATE Exam?

Total 12 Questions have been asked from Information theory: entropy, mutual information and channel capacity theorem topic of Communications subject in previous GATE papers. Average marks 1.67.

Which one of the following graphs shows the Shannon capacity (channel capacity) in bits of a memoryless binary symmetric channel with crossover probability p?

Consider a binary memoryless channel characterized by the transition probablility diagram shown in the figure

The channel is

Consider a discrete memoryless source with alphabet S={s0,s1,s2,s3,s4,......} and respective probabilities of occurrence $P=\left\{\frac{1}{2},\frac{1}{4},\frac{1}{8},\frac{1}{16},\frac{1}{32},....\right\}$. The entropy of the source (in bits) is _______

A digital communication system uses a repetition code for channel encoding/decoding. During transmission, each bit is repeated three times (0 is transmitted as 000, and 1 is transmitted as 111). It is assumed that the source puts out symbols independently and with equal probability. The decoder operates as follows: In a block of three received bits, if the number of zeros exceeds the number of ones, the decoder decides in favor of a 0, and if the number of ones exceeds the number of zeros, the decoder decides in favor of a 1. Assuming a binary symmetric channel with crossover probability p = 0.1, the average probability of error is ________

A discrete memoryless source has an alphabet {a1, a2, a3, a4} with corresponding probabilities . The minimum required average codeword length in bits to represent this source for error-free reconstruction is ________

A binary communication system makes use of the symbols “zero” and “one”. There are channel errors. Consider the following events:
x0 : a "zero" is transmitted
x1 : a "one" is transmitted
y0 : a "zero" is received
y1 : a "one" is received
The following probabilities are given: $P\left(x_0\right)=\frac12,\;P\left(y_0\vert x_0\right)=\frac34$ and $P\left(y_0\vert x_1\right)=\frac12.$ The information in bits that you obtain when you learn which symbol has been received (while you know that a “zero” has been transmitted) is ________

An analog baseband signal, bandlimited to 100 Hz, is sampled at the Nyquist rate. The samples are quantized into four message symbols that occur independently with probabilities p1 = p4 = 0.125 and p2 = p3. The information rate (bits/sec) of the message source is __________

A voice-grade AWGN (additive white Gaussian noise) telephone channel has a bandwidth of 4.0 kHz and two-sided noise power spectral density $\frac{\eta }{2}=2.5×{10}^{-5}$ Watt per Hz. If information at the rate of 52 kbps is to be transmitted over this channel with arbitrarily small bit error rate, then the minimum bit-energy Eb (in mJ/bit) necessary is __________

Consider two identically distributed zero-mean random variables U and V . Let the cumulative distribution functions of U and 2V be F(x) and G(x) respectively. Then, for all values of x

A source alphabet consists of N symbols with the probability of the first two symbols being the same. A source encoder increases the probability of the first symbol by a small amount $\epsilon$ and decreases that of the second by $\epsilon$. After encoding, the entropy of the source

A communication channel with AWGN operating at a signal to noise ratio SNR >>1 and bandwidth B has capacity C1. If the SNR is doubled keeping B constant, the resulting capacity C2 is given by

A memoryless source emits n symbols each with a probability p. The entropy of the source as a function of n