An observer standing on the deck of a ship just sees the top of a lighthouse. The top of the lighthouse is 40 m above the sea level and the height of the observer’s eye is 5 m above the sea level. The distance (in km, up to one decimal place) of the observer from the lighthouse is ____________
The minimum number of satellites needed for a GPS to determine its position precisely is
The system that uses the Sun as a source of electromagnetic energy and records the naturally radiated and reflected energy from the object is called
The staff reading taken on a workshop floor using a level is 0.645 m. The inverted staff reading taken to the bottom of a beam is 2.960 m. The reduced level of the floor is 40.500 m. The reduced level (expressed in m) of the bottom of the beam is
The vertical angles subtended by the top of a tower T at two instrument stations set up at P and Q, are shown in the figure. The two stations are in line with the tower and spaced at a distance of 60 m. Readings taken from these two stations on a leveling staff placed at the benchmark (BM = 450.000 m) are also shown in the figure. The reduced level of the top of the tower T (expressed in m) is _________
Optimal flight planning for a photogrammetric survey should be carried out considering
The reduced bearing of a 10 m long line is N30°E. The departure of the line is
A circular curve of radius R connects two straights with a deflection angle of 60°. The tangent length is
A tall tower was photographed from an elevation of 700 m above the datum. The radial distances of the top and bottom of the tower from the principal points are 112.50 mm and 82.40 mm, respectively. If the bottom of the tower is at an elevation 250 m above the datum, then the height (expressed in m) of the tower is _________
Which of the following statements is FALSE ?
In a closed loop traverse of 1 km total length, the closing errors in departure and latitude are 0.3 m and 0.4 m, respectively. The relative precision of this traverse will be:
In a survey work, three independent angles $ X,Y $ and $ Z $ were observed with weights $ W_{x,}\;W_{y,}\;W_y $ respectively. The weight of the sum of angles $ X,Y $ and $ Z $ is given by:
In a region with magnetic declination of 2ºE, the magnetic Fore bearing (FB) of a line AB was measured as N79º50' E. There was local attraction at A. To determine the correct magnetic bearing of the line, a point O was selected at which there was no local attraction. The magnetic FB of line AO and OA were observed to be S52º40'E and N50º20'W, respectively. What is the true FB of line AB ?
In a leveling work, sum of the Back Sight (B.S.) and Fore Sight (F.S.) have been found to be 3.085 m and 5.645 m respectively. If the Reduced Level (R.L.) of the starting station is 100.000 m, the R.L. (in m) of the last station is ______
The combined correction due to curvature and refraction (in m) for a distance of 1 km on the surface of Earth is
The bearings of two inaccessible stations, S_{1} (Easting 500 m, Northing 500 m) and S_{2} (Easting 600 m, Northing 450 m) from a station S_{3} were observed as 225^{o} and 153^{o }26' respectively. The independent Easting (in m) of station S_{3} is:
Two Pegs A and B were fixed on opposite banks of a 50 m wide river. The level was set up at A and the staff readings on Pegs A and B were observed as 1.350 m and 1.550 m, respectively. Thereafter the instrument was shifted and set up at B. The staff readings on Pegs B and A were observed as 0.750 m and 0.550 m, respectively. If the R.L. of Peg A is 100.200 m, the R.L. (in m) of Peg B is ______.
Group I lists tool/instrument while Group II lists the method of surveying. Match the tool/instrument with the corresponding method of surveying.
The survey carried out to delineate natural features, such as hills, rivers, forests and man-made features, such as towns, villages, buildings, roads, transmission lines and canals is classified as
A tacheometer was placed at point P to estimate the horizontal distances PQ and PR. The corresponding stadia intercepts with the telescope kept horizontal, are 0.320 m and 0.210 m, respectively. The ∠QPR is measured to be 61° 30' 30". If the stadia multiplication constant = 100 and stadia addition constant = 0.10 m, the horizontal distance (in m) between the points Q and R is _________________
The chainage of the intersection point of two straights is 1585.60 m and the angle of intersection is 140°. If the radius of a circular curve is 600.00 m, the tangent distance (in m) and length of the curve (in m), respectively are
The latitude and departure of a line AB are +78 m and -45.1 m, respectively. The whole circle bearing of the line AB is:
Following bearings are observed while traversing with a compass.
After applying the correction due to local attraction, the corrected fore bearing of line BC will be:
A theodolite is set up at station A and a 3 m long staff is held vertically at station B. The depression angle reading at 2.5 m marking on the staffis 6°10´. The horizontal distance between A and B is 2200 m. Height of instrument at station A is 1.1 m and R.L. of A is 880.88 m.Apply the curvature and refraction correction, and determine the R.L. of B (in m). __________
The observations from a closed loop traverse around and obstacle are
Azimuth(clockwise from magnetic north)
What is the value of the missing measurement (rounded off to the nearest 10 mm)?
The type of surveying in which the curvature of the earth is taken into account is called
The plan of a survey plotted to a scale of 10 m to 1 cm is reduced in such a way that a line originally 10 cm long now measures 9 cm. The area of the reduced plan is measured as 81 cm^{2}. The actual (m^{2}) of the survey is
The focal length of the object glass of a tacheometer is 200 mm, the distance between the vertical axis of the tacheometer and the optical centre of the object glass is 100 mm and the spacing between the upper and lower line of the diaphragm axis is 4 mm. With the line of collimation perfectly horizontal, the staff intercepts are 1 m (top), 2m (middle), and 3 m (bottom). The horizontal distance (m) between the staff and the instrument station is
A road is provided with a horizontal circular curve having deflection angle of 55^{o }and centre line radius of 250 m. A transition curve is to be provided at each end of the circular curve of such a length that the rate of gain of radial acceleration is 0.3m/s^{3} at a speed of 50 km per hour. Length of the transition curve required at each of the ends is
The plan of a map was photo copied to a reduced size such that a line originally 100 mm, measures 90 mm. The original scale of the plan was 1 : 1000. The revised scale is
Two straight lines intersect at an angle of 60°. The radius of a curve joining the two straight lines is 600 m. The length of long chord and mid-ordinates in metres of the curve are